Psilocybin mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms, have been used by people for centuries, mainly for spiritual and religious reasons. And since the early 1960s, they became embraced by the counterculture and are now used throughout the world for recreational as well as medicinal and therapeutic purposes.
As magic mushrooms continue to be decriminalized and embraced by the scientific community, these fungi are only becoming more popular and mainstream.
Buying magic mushrooms can be expensive. But by learning how to grow magic mushrooms yourself, you can cut out the middle man and have a practically endless supply of magic mushrooms.
Growing magic mushrooms is actually very easy and cost-effective. While there are over a dozen ways to grow magic mushrooms, the most popular way for beginners is the PF Tek method.
Are you interested in learning more? If so, then continue reading and we’ll walk you through everything you need to know!
For a PF Tek, you need a few basic supplies that you can most likely find at your local grocery and gardening stores. To start, you’re going to need a substrate.
The substrate materials that you’ll need are:
- Brown rice flour
- 1/2 pint canning jars with lids
- Heavy-duty aluminum foil
- Large pot with a tight-fitting lid
- Spore syringe
- Hammer and nail
Basically, your substrate is going to consist of vermiculite, water, and brown rice flour. The substrate will go into the jars and you’ll then inject your spores into each jar. You can find spore vendors at various online marketplaces.
Eventually, after your jars are fully colonized, the substrate will be moved to a fruiting chamber. This is where the mushrooms will grow until they’re ready to be harvested.
Preparing the Substrate
Using your hammer and nail, you want to hammer in four holes on each of your jar lids.
In order to prepare the substrate, you want to use one part brown rice flour to one part water to two parts vermiculite. For five jars, you’ll need two cups of vermiculite and one cup of water and one of the flour. Mix everything together.
Add your substrate to the jars and fill to just below 1/2 inch below the rims. Then, top off the jars with vermiculite. The extra vermiculate will act as a barrier to keep mold and germs away.
Sterilize the Substrate
Screw the lids on and cover them with foil. Then, place the jars in a pot and add cold water. Bring the pot to a slow boil and put a lid over the bottle.
Let the jars steam for ninety minutes in order to sterilize them.
Remove the jars from the pot and let them cool. Then, remove the foil from the lids. Shake your spore syringe well and then insert the needle into one of the holes.
You want to tilt the syringe so it presses against the side of the jar. Inject around 0.25cc of solution. Repeat this for the other three holes and then loosely replace the foil.
Do this for all of the jars.
This is the easiest step in the whole process. You simply have to wait for the spores to colonize your substrate. You want to keep them away from direct sunlight and in a room with a temperature between 70 and 80F.
You can simply put them on a shelf in your closet and leave them be. Make sure to check on them every few days. If you notice any foul smells or green or blue spots, then the jar has likely been contaminated and you should dispose of it immediately.
After about the three weeks, the jars should turn completely white, indicating that they’ve been fully colonized.
Now comes the fun part!
The Shotgun Fruiting Chamber
The fruiting chamber is designed to simulate a real-world environment where your mushrooms can grow and thrive. To make the fruiting chamber, you’ll need:
- Several bags of Perlite
- Electric drill with a 1/4” drill bit
- Clear, rectangular plastic bin (70 quarts is a good size)
Building the shotgun fruiting chamber (SGFC) is simple. You want to drill 1/4″ holes on all six sides of the container. These holes should all be two inches apart in a grid pattern.
Now, pour your perlite in a colander and soak it in cold water. Let the perlite drain and then coat the bottom of the SGFC with the perlite. Your perlite should cover the bottom four inches of the chamber.
Then, find a flat, clear surface to place the chamber on. Make sure you prop the corners of the chamber on something like bricks or canning jars because the base should never sit directly on a surface.
The chamber should be near a window in order to be exposed to direct sunlight.
Birth and Dunk
Now, it’s time to birth your colonized substrates, known as cakes.
Remove the cakes from the jars and rinse them off in cold water. Then, “dunk” them by leaving the cakes in a pot filled with cold water for 18 hours.
After the cakes have been successfully dunked, it’s time to move them to the SGFC. Make small aluminum foil squares. You should have as many squares as you have cakes.
Place the squares as far apart as you can in the chamber and then place a cake on each square.
Maintaining Optimal Conditions
In order to achieve optimal conditions, you need to maintain a humidity in the chamber of around 95%. To do this, you should mist your cakes with a spray mister three times a day. After you mist, you should use the lid of the chamber to fan the cakes for thirty seconds.
Growing and Harvesting
Within ten days, you should see “pins” sprouting on your cakes. After a couple of weeks, you’ll have fully grown mushrooms. As the veils under their caps start to break, you want to pick them gently off of the cakes.
After your mushrooms have been picked, you should immediately dry them with desiccants.
The Importance of Knowing How to Grow Magic Mushrooms
By knowing how to grow magic mushrooms, you can work on your green thumb and also increase your magic mushroom inventory. Yet, while the PF Tek method is a common method, it’s also quite laborious.
You can cut out a lot of the time, cost, and risk by buying a high-quality mushroom grow kit. If you’re interested in using a grow kit and growing your own mushrooms, then contact us today and see what we can do for you!